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For Homeowners

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Do You Need a New Roof

Shown below are common symptoms that indicate it may be time for you to get a new roof. Select your roof style and click on any problem to learn what's causing it and how to fix it.






Generally speaking, new shingled roofs should last upwards of 20+ years. However, many factors, such as proper installation, climate, and ventilation, impact the life of your roof.

Even if your roof shows signs of the symptoms mentioned above, you may not need a total roof replacement. A trusted roofing professional can give your roof a thorough examination and let you know if you are in need of a new roof, or just a few repairs. If you don't already work with a roofing contractor, you can find an Owens Corning dealer or installer near you.

Algae Growth

CAUSES

Algae growth causes a dark discoloration on roofs. The algae is usually brown to black in colour which results in a streaked, dirty looking rooftop. It can be mistaken for soot, dirt or tree droppings, which typically produce only localized discoloration. It's caused by the growth of air-borne algae which deposits on your roof. The good news is that algae growth does not affect the service life of your roofing material. It occurs most often in warm, humid climates such as the Southeast (where algae-resistant shingles are available).

RECOMMENDATIONS

Discoloration of roofs caused by fungus or algae is difficult to remove, but may be lightened by spraying a diluted solution of chlorine bleach, trisodium phosphate, and water onto the roof. Solutions range from one cup TSP, one gallon bleach and four gallons of water, to one cup TSP and 2.5 gallons each of bleach and water. This solution can then be rinsed from the roof in 10 to 15 minutes. Do not scrub. Scrubbing will loosen and remove granules. After spraying be sure to thoroughly flush the roof and the greenery around the home (grass, bushes and shrubs) with water. The effectiveness of this type of cleaning may only be temporary, and the discoloration may recur. High pressure washing is not recommended due to the possibility of removing granules, thereby shortening the life of the Roofing System.

For a more permanent solution, re-roof with Owens Corning Algae-Resistant Shingles. They are specifically designed to inhibit most algae growth for extended periods of time and are backed by our strongest product and algae resistance warranties* available to homeowners.

*See actual Algae-Resistant shingle warranty for details. Algae-Resistant products are not available in all areas. Contact your local Owens Corning supplier for more information.

Damaged Flashing

CAUSES

  • Improper installation on a new roof
  • Drying and cracking on an old roof
  • Dented by improper nailing
  • Settling of the structure

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • In most cases it is only necessary to remove and replace the flashing and shingles around the damaged area.

Buckling

CAUSES

  • Improperly applied felt
  • Wrinkled underlayment
  • Roof deck movement
  • Spacers not used in between roof deck boards
  • Poor roof ventilation
  • New shingles applied over old, rough shingles

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Allow moisture to escape the Roofing System. This can be a slow process and could take until the following spring. Once the Roofing System reaches the proper moisture content, the roof should lay flat and the buckling problem should not return.
  • Remove the shingles that are affected. Cut the wrinkle in the felt and replace the shingles.
  • Add ventilation to the attic space. The minimum requirement is one square foot of net free vent area per 150 square feet of attic floor space if a vapor retarder is not present. If a vapor retarder is present, the amount of required ventilation can be reduced to one square foot of net free vent area per 300 square feet of attic floor space.
  • Consult the services of a professional. Make sure to apply shingles in accordance with the shingle manufacturer's recommendations.

Blistering

CAUSES

  • Moisture in the shingle

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • If the blisters break open revealing the asphalt, the affected shingles should be replaced.
  • Consult with the manufacturer of the shingles.

Curling

CAUSES

  • High nails
  • Lack of back coating
  • Under-saturation of asphalt felt in organic shingles
  • Lack of ventilation
  • Improper number of fasteners

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Check location and number of fasteners
  • Added roof ventilation can often correct

Missing Shingles

CAUSES

  • Improper fastening
  • Exposure to high winds

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Replace shingles which have completely blown off. For shingles with tabs blowing up and down, hand seal the shingles with an asphalt plastic cement, commonly referred to as flashing cement. This roofing cement must comply with ASTM D4586 -- Type I or Type II which is the standard specifically for asbestos-free asphalt plastic roof cement. (Some products meeting this standard may involve hazardous materials. This bulletin does not purport to address all of the safety and health problems associated with the use of materials meeting this specification. It is the responsibility of the user to observe the safety and health practices as determined by the manufacturer of the product and stated on the label, instructions and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
  • To hand seal, lift each tab of a 3-tab shingle and apply two spots of the cement under each tab. Each spot should be approximately the size of a quarter and placed 1" to 2" from each end of the tab and near the bottom. Laminated shingles require 4 spots of cement per shingle. After application, press the tab down firmly to start the bond. Be careful not to apply the cement too close to the bottom of the tab. This causes the cement to squeeze out when the tab is pressed down.

Ceiling Spots

CAUSES

  • Spots are caused by leaks in the roof.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Check attic for leaks in deck.
  • Check chimney and vents for cracks in flashing.
  • Check rafters for leaks that "travel" away from original source.
  • Check eaves for water backing up from ice dams.
  • Check roof for damaged shingles.

Rotting

CAUSES

  • Rotting is caused by absorption of moisture by the mat at the core of the shingle. This is a common problem with organic-based shingles.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Replace with Owens Corning Fiberglas® mat shingles.

Missing Granules

CAUSES

  • Normally a certain number of granules will be loose, especially after application. These granules are called "riders" and are a normal result of the manufacturing process. Granule loss does not affect the service life of the shingles unless granules can be seen missing on the surface of the shingles, thus exposing the asphalt or Fiberglas® mat.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • On aging shingles, missing granules indicate a need for replacement.

Algae Growth

CAUSES

  • Air-borne algae deposits and grows on roof which can affect long-term performance.
  • Wood shakes are particularly susceptible to moss/algae growth.
  • Occurs most often in damp and/or humid climates or in shaded areas of the roof.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Replace with algae resistant shake.

Damaged Flashing

CAUSES

  • Improper installation on a new roof
  • Damaged or missing caulking
  • Drying and cracking on an old roof

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • In most cases it is only necessary to remove and replace the flashing and shingles around the damaged area.

Curling

CAUSES

  • Water absorption (in wood or fiber-reinforced shake)

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Replace shake. Be sure to check exposed interlayment for damage before replacing the shake.
  • Add proper roof ventilation at time of installation, to prevent curling.

Splitting

CAUSES

  • Can be the result of natural aging.
  • Condition is aggravated by water infiltration in wood, cement tile or fiber- reinforced cement (FRC) shakes.
  • Can result from stress on the shake, like walking on it.
  • Excessive foot traffic on roof.
  • Problem is compounded in damp climates and areas with repeated freezing and thawing.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Cut out and replace damaged shakes. Be sure to check exposed interlayment for damage before replacing the shake.
  • Caulk smaller cracks.

Missing Shakes

CAUSES

  • Improper fastening
  • Wind damage
  • Deterioration of shakes

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • In most cases the missing shakes can be replaced individually. Be sure to check exposed interlayment for damage before replacing the shake.

Ceiling Spots

CAUSES

  • Spots are caused by leaks in the roof.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Check attic for leaks in deck.
  • Check chimney and vents for cracks in flashing.
  • Check rafters for leaks that "travel" away from original source.
  • Check eaves for water backing up from ice dams.
  • Check roof for damaged shingles.

Rotting

CAUSES

  • Moisture absorption in certain shake materials, especially wood.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Cut out and replace rotted shakes. Be sure to check exposed interlayment for damage before replacing the shake.

Termite Damage

CAUSES

  • Shake materials that provide sustenance for termites - particularly wood.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Exterminate by tenting and fumigating home.